Sunflowers are known as being “happy” flowers and make the perfect gift to bring joy to someone’s day.
The name Sun Flower is a direct translation from the botanical name Helianthus annus. Heli meaning sun and anther meaning flower.
As soon as the flower forms and opens, you can watch it ‘turn’. Growing in this way, following the path of the sun across the sky is called ‘phototropism’ or ‘heliotropism’. In fact, the Italian word for sunflower ‘girasole’ literally means ‘turning sun’.
Learn how to sow the seeds in pots ready for planting out in your garden with our simple guide.
Once the flower has faded the sunflower head will have lots of seeds in the centre and these are a great source of food for birds, alternatively you can harvest the seeds and grow them again next year.
Leave the flower head on the stem for at least 2 weeks. Once the petals have faded, cut the flower heads off and store them in a sunny, warm, dry place for another week. Spread a sheet of newspaper on a flat surface, gently rub the seed head and the seeds will fall away easily.
Collect them in an envelope or paper bag and store in a dry, cool, dark place until spring when they will be ready to sow and grow once more.
If you live in a region that get lots of dry and sunny weather, you can sow sunflower seeds directly in the ground in spring, as soon as the risk of frost has passed.
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